Τα νέα του Μάρκου Μπόλαρη

Τα νέα του Μάρκου Μπόλαρη


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Building that hosted shops - including a bakery and a chemist - discovered in Greece
  • The ruins were discovered on the site of the ancient city of Argilos
  • Expert told MailOnline that units are so well-preserved that individual shops can be identified - including outlet that made and sold own olive oil
  • Non-uniform design indicates that each owner designed and built his shop
  • Said nothing like this had ever been discovered and that they expect to find many more shops when they excavate the east side of the portico next year



Archaeologists have unearthed the remarkably well-preserved ruins of an ancient shopping center in northern Greece.

The 2,700-year-old portico was discovered in June on the site of the ancient city of Argilos following an archaeological excavation.

An expert told MailOnline that they had even managed to identify individual shops - with one having been confirmed as a bakery, another an olive oil shop and one is thought, but not yet confirmed, to be a chemist that once sold make-up and medicine.


The remains of the 2,700-year-old portico was discovered this summer on the site of the ancient city of Argilos, following an archaeological excavation in northern Greece

In ancient Greece, the portico - or 'stoa' in Greek - was a long, open structure that often housed shops and delineated public squares from the city.

Porticos were common during the Hellenistic period, from the 3rd to 1st century BC, but earlier examples are extremely rare.


This latest finding from Argilosis the oldest example to date from northern Greece and is totally unique.

'We had no idea something so historically important would be lying here,' Jacques Perreault, Professor at the University of Montreal's Centre of Classical Studies, who led the dig told MailOnline

Jacques Perreault, Professor at the University of Montreal's Centre of Classical Studies, who led the dig, told MailOnline that this room was a shop that pressed and sold its own olive oil

'It is incredibly exciting and we believe there still so much more to find.'

Located on the edge of the Aegean Sea, the ancient city of Argilos was the first Greek colony established in this area around the Strymon River. 

At its peak, in the 5th century BC, Argilos was one of the richest cities in the region.

Since 1992, Professor Perreault and Dr Zisis Bonias, an archaeologist with the Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Sports, have excavated the hill covering Argilos.
It is thought that this room was a bakery because archaeologists found a grinding stone to produce flour (top right of room) as well as a small kiln to bake bread

The portico could have resembled the Stoa of Attalos in Athens (reconstruction that stands in Greek capital, pictured). It was built between 159 BC and 138 BC and became the major commercial building or shopping centre in the Agora and was used for centuries

Acquisitions of land were made on behalf of the Greek government, but the excavators retain the rights over scientific research. 

The remains of the Argilos portico are located on one of these sites, at the northern end of what was the city's commercial district, 50 metres from the port area at the time.

Archaelogical digs in June unearthed a roughly 40 metre-long portico. 

The open area once contained seven rooms, five of which have been excavated, each measuring 5 metres wide and 7.5 metres deep, with a 2.5-metre high back wall.

'Each room was a shop and they sat side by side - much like how shops are arranged in modern malls,' explained Professor Perreault.

The rooms exposed by the dig are only the west side of the portico, leaving archaeologists with another 'wing' to explore once they have finished their current dig.

The portico is unusual in that it was not architecturally uniform.

Since Argilos was very prosperous, experts have long believed that the portico was commissioned and built by the city. 

If this were the case, an architect would have overseen the construction and there would be an architectural uniformity to the structure.

There would have been no differences in the size of the stones used, and all the rooms would have been identical.

However, the architectural remains indicate the exact opposite.

The construction techniques and the stones used are different from one room to another, hinting that several masons were used for each room.

'This indicates that the shop owners themselves were probably responsible for building the rooms, that "private enterprise" and not the city was the source of this stoa,' Professor Perreault, who specialises of the Greek Archaic period, between the 7th and 6th centuries BC, told MailOnline.

'We have confirmed one of the shops as a bakery - we found a flour grinding stone as well as a kiln inside to bake. Another was an olive oil shop as it still had the olive press required to produce the product.' 


Archaeologists also unearthed this vessel called a 'krater' which was often used to mix water and wine

Archaeologists found a 'very, very small' stone in another shop that may have been used as a pestle and mortar.

This, they believe, could indicate that the shop was a chemist that pulverised its own ingredients to made medicine and make-up for visiting customers.

In the Iron Age, northern Greece was very prosperous. The valley of the Strymon River, whose mouth is located less than three km from Argilos, was rich in gold and silver mines.

 With its ports and nearby mines, Argilos was a strategic location for trade in precious metals.

Experts remain baffled by this finding, however - they had no idea what it may have been used for, although the small holes indicate it once hung up on a wall

But its prosperity declined rapidly from the mid-5th century BC, when the Athenians founded the nearby city of Amphipolis. 

In 357 BC, Philip II conquered the whole region and deported the inhabitants from Argilos to Amphipolis, the new seat of the king of Macedonia.


Deserted and untouched by further urban development, Argilos has remained frozen in time, which is why its buildings are in such relatively pristeen condition.

The portico itself has not yet been fully excavated, and according to the results of a three-metre deep geophysical survey, the structure appears to continue, and more discoveries thus await the archaeologists.

'We hope to excavate what we hope is the east side of the portico next year and it could unearth many more shops and insights into daily life in the once prosperous city. I'm very excited,' Professor Perreault told MailOnline.


The Stoa of Attalos was built by King Attalos II of Pergamon who reigned between 159 and138 B.C.

He built it as a gift to the Athenians in appreciation of the time he spent in Athens studying under the philosopher Karneades. 

The building was an elaborate 'stoa' or 'portico' - a large two-storeyed double colonnade with rows of shops behind the colonnades. 

The building was made of local materials, marble for the facade and columns, and limestone for the walls.

It is 116 metres-long and originally housed 42 shop.

The Stoa became the major commercial building or shopping centre in the Agora and was used for centuries, from its construction in around 150 B.C. until its destruction at the hands of the Herulians in A.D. 267.

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παρουσίασης του βιβλίου
Περιόδου Κυριαρχίας του ΕΑΜ

Τετάρτη 16 Οκτωβρίου 2013, ώρα 7.30 μμ
Αμφιθέατρο «Γεώργιος Καφταντζής»
Δημόσιας Βιβλιοθήκης Σερρών
Το βιβλίο «ΣΕΡΡΑΙΚΑ ΚΡΑΤΙΚΑ ΕΓΓΡΑΦΑ Περιόδου Κυριαρχίας του ΕΑΜ» του Βασιλείου Γιαννογλούδη περιλαμβάνει ντοκουμέντα (έγγραφα – φωτογραφίες – έντυπα) κυρίως του Εθνικού Λαϊκού Απελευθερωτικού στρατού (ΕΛΑΣ) και της Νομαρχίας Σερρών.
Η χρονική περίοδος των εγγράφων αρχίζει με την απελευθέρωση των Σερρών από τη Βουλγαρική κατοχή του 1944 και τελειώνει με την αντικατάσταση των Νομαρχών, αμέσως μετά τη συνθήκη της Βάρκιζας δηλ. το χρονικό διάστημα από αρχές Οκτωβρίου 1944 έως τέλος Μαρτίου 1945.

Δημήτριος Δημούδης: πρόεδρος της ΕΜΕΙΣ
Σύλια Ζέττα: πρόεδρος του Συνδέσμου Φιλολόγων Ν. Σερρών


Ιάκωβος Μιχαηλίδης: Επίκουρος καθηγητής νεότερης και Σύγχρονης Ιστορίας του ΑΠΘ
- Βασίλειος Γιαννογλούδης: Συγγραφέας του βιβλίου, καθηγητής 4ου Λυκείου Σερρών και αντιπρόεδρος της ΕΜΕΙΣ

Καταπέλτης για τον τρόπο λειτουργίας της Ανώνυμης Εταιρείας για τα πνευματικά δικαιώματα μουσικής που καλούνται να πληρώσουν επαγγελματίες είναι ο βουλευτής και πρώην υφυπουργός Μάρκος Μπόλαρης.

Εδώ και δύο εβδομάδες το Πανελλήνιο, η Ευρώπη και ο κόσμος ολόκληρος παρακολουθεί με αγωνία και οργή συγχρόνως, την κλιμάκωση της βίας από το νεοναζιστικό μόρφωμα της Χρυσής Αυγής, με κορύφωση τη δολοφονία ενός αθώου πολίτη, του Παύλου Φύσσα. Η δράση τους και οι αξιόποινες πράξεις τους αποτελούν μαχαιριές στην Δημοκρατία. 

Λάβρος κατά του ναζισμού και των υποστηρικτών του εμφανίστηκε ο Σεβ. Μητροπολίτης Σιατίστης κ. Παύλος στην σημερινή εκδήλωση της Λέσχης Αστυνομικών Θεσσαλονίκης με θέμα "ο ναζισμός είχε μόνο θύματα". 

Η αντιμετώπιση της Χρυσής Αυγής δεν είναι το μόνο θέμα που δίχασε κυβέρνηση και Μαξίμου. Η θεωρία των δύο άκρων και η... τύχη των ψηφοφόρων της Χρυσής Αυγής αναδείχθηκαν ως κεντρικά θέματα, παράλληλα με την επιχείρηση των διωκτικών αρχών και της Δικαιοσύνης εναντίον της οργάνωσης Μιχαλολιάκου.

Αιτία η άρνηση του προεδρείου να συζητηθεί το θέμα με τις λαϊκές αγορές και οι δηλώσεις του αντιπεριφερειάρχη Θεσσαλονίκης, Γιώργου Τσαμασλή.

Ο επικεφαλής της παράταξης Μάρκος Μπόλαρης αποφάσισε την αποχώρηση, καταγγέλλοντας μάλιστα προσπάθεια συγκάλυψης του θέματος, παρότι ο ίδιος ο περιφερειάρχης Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας Απόστολος Τζιτζικώστας, ήταν αυτός που έκανε ανακοινώσεις για το θέμα.

Ζητούν να δοθούν απαντήσεις «γιατί υπάρχει δυσαρμονία μεταξύ των ανακοινώσεων του οικονομικού επιτελείου και της Τράπεζας της Ελλάδας για το θέμα»

Οξεία επίθεση κατά του υπουργού Οικονομικών Γιάννη Στουρνάρα εξαπολύουν οκτώ ανεξάρτητοι βουλευτές, αμφισβητώντας τα στοιχεία που έδωσε στη δημοσιότητα το υπουργείο περί πρωτογενούς πλεονάσματος και ζητώντας να δοθούν απαντήσεις γιατί υπάρχει δυσαρμονία μεταξύ των ανακοινώσεων του οικονομικού επιτελείου και της Τράπεζας της Ελλάδας για το θέμα αυτό.

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Την παραπομπή του Tάσου Μαντέλη για ξέπλυμα βρώμικου χρήματος σχολιάζει ο ανεξάρτητος πλέον βουλευτής και πρώην βουλευτής του ΠΑΣΟΚ Μάρκος Μπόλαρης.

"Μετά τον Άκη και το ξέπλυμα βρώμικου χρήματος απο την γερμανική Ferrostaal, παραπέμπεται ο Μαντέλης για ξέπλυμα απο την γερμανική Siemens! Η προανακριτική Επιτροπή της Βουλής για τα υποβρύχια έχει ζητήσει άσκηση αγωγών αποζημίωσης της Ελλάδας κατά της Ferrostaal. Θα ασκηθεί;" έγραψε ο κ. Μπόλαρης στο Twitter.